Quick Answer: What Does The Robinson Map Projection Distortion?

What are the pros and cons of the Robinson projection?

Advantage: The Robinson map projection shows most distances, sizes and shapes accurately.

Disadvantage: The Robinson map does have some distortion around the poles and edges..

What is wrong with the Mercator projection?

Mercator maps distort the shape and relative size of continents, particularly near the poles. This is why Greenland appears to be similar in size to all of South America on Mercator maps, when in fact South America is more than eight times larger than Greenland.

Why do we still use the Mercator map?

This projection is widely used for navigation charts, because any straight line on a Mercator projection map is a line of constant true bearing that enables a navigator to plot a straight-line course.

What are the disadvantages of the Robinson projection?

List of the Disadvantages of the Robinson ProjectionDistortions exist on the edges of the map. … It offers limited benefits for navigation. … The Robinson projection is not equidistant. … It does not provide azimuthal support. … The projection suffers from compression in severe ways.More items…•

What are the 4 types of distortion?

When the earth is projected onto a flat surface there are at least four different types of distortion: distance, direction, angle, and area. It is impossible to preserve all four means of distortion on one flat projection.

Do map projections have distortion?

The good news is that map projections allow us to distort systematically; we know exactly how things are being stretched or squashed at any given point. We have many different map projections because each has different patterns of distortion—there is more than one way to flatten an orange peel.

What are the disadvantages of the Mercator projection?

Disadvantages: Mercator projection distorts the size of objects as the latitude increases from the Equator to the poles, where the scale becomes infinite. So, for example, Greenland and Antarctica appear much larger relative to land masses near the equator than they actually are.

What is the Robinson projection best used for?

The Robinson projection is a map projection of a world map which shows the entire world at once. It was specifically created in an attempt to find a good compromise to the problem of readily showing the whole globe as a flat image.

Which projection does National Geographic use now?

In 1998, the Winkel tripel projection replaced the Robinson projection as the standard projection for world maps made by the National Geographic Society. Many educational institutes and textbooks followed National Geographic’s example in adopting the projection, and most of those still use it.

Where is most distortion found on a Robinson projection?

Robinson (1963) Directions true along all parallels and along central meridian. Distances constant along the equator and other parallels, but scales vary. All points have some distortion but it is very low along the equator and within 45° of centre. Distortion greatest near the poles.

What is map projection distortion?

Map Projection Distortions There are four basic characteristics of a map that are distorted to some degree, depending on the projection used. These characteristics include distance, direction, shape, and area. … Any place on the map that does not lie along this line will suffer some distortion.

What is the most accurate world map projection?

AuthaGraphAuthaGraph. This is hands-down the most accurate map projection in existence. In fact, AuthaGraph World Map is so proportionally perfect, it magically folds it into a three-dimensional globe. Japanese architect Hajime Narukawa invented this projection in 1999 by equally dividing a spherical surface into 96 triangles.

What are the 4 types of map projections?

Three of these common types of map projections are cylindrical, conic, and azimuthal.Cylindrical Map Projections. Cylindrical map projections are one way of portraying the Earth. … Conic Map Projections. … Azimuthal Map Projection.

What is true map projection?

In cartography, a map projection is a way to flatten a globe’s surface into a plane in order to make a map. This requires a systematic transformation of the latitudes and longitudes of locations from the surface of the globe into locations on a plane.

What map projection has no distortion?

The only ‘projection’ which has all features with no distortion is a globe. 1° x 1° latitude and longitude is almost a square, while the same ‘block’ near the poles is almost a triangle.

What is wrong with the Robinson projection?

The Robinson projection is neither conformal nor equal-area. It generally distorts shapes, areas, distances, directions, and angles. The distortion patterns are similar to common compromise pseudocylindrical projections. Area distortion grows with latitude and does not change with longitude.

Why is Robinson better than Mercator?

Unlike the Mercator projection, the Robinson projection has both the lines of altitude and longitude evenly spaced across the map. … In opting for a more pleasing appearance, the Robinson projection ‘traded’ off distortions – this projection is neither conformal, equal-area, equidistant nor true direction.

What are the 5 map projections?

Top 10 World Map ProjectionsMercator. This projection was developed by Gerardus Mercator back in 1569 for navigational purposes. … Robinson. This map is known as a ‘compromise’, it shows neither the shape or land mass of countries correct. … Dymaxion Map. … Gall-Peters. … Sinu-Mollweide. … Goode’s Homolosine. … AuthaGraph. … Hobo-Dyer.More items…•